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Providing Climate Design Solutions With A Sustainable Development Approach (case Study: Tabriz City)

Bahareh Bahramifar
Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Mohammad Mahoud
3M-CEPM R&D Institute

Rahim Rahimi
Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism Planning, Art University of Tehran

Climate adaptation is one of the strategies for Sustainable Development (SD) in architecture. SD has three main aspects: Environmental, Social and Economic. Climate adaptation complies with environmental and economic aspects by reducing energy consumption and responds to the social aspect by creating climate comfort. Today, due to the cheapness of fossil fuels energy, the construction of Iranian buildings does not notice the climate, which causes environmental degradation and threatens human health. However long ago, the climate has been considered in architecture through the body and user behaviour. This paper is illustrating what climatic solutions have been available in the traditional architecture of historical Tabriz City. Therefore, the present applied research was conducted by the descriptive-analytical method. First, ten-year climatic data of Tabriz Synoptic Station were collected. Then, through their analysis, the climate of Tabriz was determined and finally, the climatic solutions of the traditional architecture of the city were discovered.



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