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Preparation and Planning For Later Life: Past Experiences and Satisfaction With Life In Older People
Introduction: Preparation for later life is a lifelong and multidimensional process. It is important because of the life changes of the individual and his or her life roles. The process of preparation for later life includes planning that prepares the individual to face change and take appropriate action. The purpose of the study was to identify older people past experiences with preparation and planning for later life in the context of their satisfaction with life. Methods: In the research, we used a quantitative methodological approach, in which we collected data with our own questionnaire and a standardized questionnaire for determining satisfaction with life (SWLS). The survey was conducted from December 2021 to January 2022. The survey included 335 people over the age 65 living in the home environment and institutional care. Data were analyzed using methods of descriptive and inferential statistics, and the hypotheses were tested with correlation and regression analysis. Results: The results of the research show that most older people started preparing and planning for later life late, in late middle age or even later. We find that they were less informed, aware, trained and motivated to prepare for later life. They showed the highest efficiency in planning for later life in the domain of housing, health, finances and social relations. They assesses their satisfaction with life as moderately satisfactory. Discussion and conclusions: The research draws attention to the importance of the timely start of preparing and planning an individual for later life. Already in youth and adulthood, according to the value system and life priorities, it is necessary to guide the individual for responsible planning of later life. In this direction, it is necessary to strengthen their information and train and motivate them accordingly.