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Election Laws and Reforms In Malaysia
Malaysia has experienced for the first time in her democratic history when the ruling party, Barisan Nasional (BN) since the country’s independence in 1957 lost in the general election in 2018, the 14th General Election. The defeat did not silent the critics about the election laws in Malaysia by saying that they are many flaws in the elections system where total reforms are needed. Among others, the electoral First-Past-The-Post (FPTP) system is not guaranteed proper representation for the electorates particularly in a Malaysia’s multiracial society. In fact, as happened in the 2013 General Election, the opposition Pakatan Rakyat (PR) won the popular votes but failed to win majority seats in the Parliament. Besides, Malaysia has no law on political financing and access to the media also limited for opposition parties due to restrictions imposed to the media. Therefore, the Pakatan Harapan (PH), before it downfall in March 2020 and the formation of Perikatan Nasional (PN) government, had established a committee called the Electoral Reform Committee (ERC) to study and propose report and recommendations to reform the electoral system. This paper will look and analysis the existing electoral legislation and study about the needs to reform the election law particularly in three areas: the electoral system, political financing and media.