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Solving The Housing Problems of The Roma Community - The Case Kerinov Grm
In the Republic of Slovenia, the Roma community has the status of a special ethnic community with unique ethnic characteristics such as its language and culture. This community is outwardly heterogeneous and is characterized by most members living within Roma settlements. Most Roma settlements are in 20 Slovenian municipalities with an "autochthonous" Roma population. Some "non-autochthonous" members also inhabit cities Ljubljana, Maribor and Velenje. The heterogeneity of the Roma community is directly related to the immigration routes. According to the time and direction of immigration, we can divide them into at least four large groups (Dolenjska, Prekmurje, Maribor and Gorenjska Roma). One of the most critical challenges for the Roma community is to address the housing issue. Namely, most Roma settlements do not have the status of a settlement by our definition and legal status of a settlement. Knowledge of the essential characteristics and habits of the population, including the analysis of past demographic trends in an area, is the basis for quality planning of adaptation of the settlement to normative regulations and development of the settlement for future population growth. This article presents the development and legalization of the Roma settlement Kerinov grm. We give the main demographic parameters of the Roma community living in this settlement and the demographic potential with population projections by 2050. We ask ourselves whether it makes sense to solve the increased housing needs by expanding the settlement related to spatial planning rules, establishing public economic and social infrastructure, or recognizing that large ethnically homogeneous settlements lead to ghettoization. Therefore, the question also arises whether a different model of solving the housing care of members of the Roma community should be sought, not only in the Posavje region but also in other municipalities in Slovenia.