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Influence of Population Density On The Structure of Long-Term Care Services In Spain
As early as 2006, Spain adopted a systemic law governing long-term care (LTC). 15 years after the introduction of this law, we studied what is the experience with structure of LTC services. In Spain, the regions are responsible for organizing and financing long-term care services. Regions differ in population density, degree of urbanization, and economic power, as well as the structure of use of LTC services. In this article, we describe the connection between these characteristics of the regions and the choice of the older adults and their families, what kind of care they prefer and also receive. The final finding is that more urbanized and richer areas have higher use of institutional services, which is comparable to long-term care utilization in Slovenia, while rural regions with lower population density benefit more from daycare centers and home care. In Slovenia, too, we can expect that a larger share of the urban population will still opt for institutional care, while the older adults in rural areas will opt for a combination of care at home and in daycare centers. Such a study is important in the further planning of social infrastructure in Slovenia as well.