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Digitalisation and State Prosecutors
In this paper, I wish to present the impact of digitalisation on the work of State Prosecutors. Firstly, I am focusing on the changes in the structure of the criminal offences, where the field of crime is expanding and moving from the physical to the digital world. The second is digitalisation of the workflow of prosecution service and management of files, which we will handle, in the near future, only in electronic form. The first part presents professional challenges that prosecutors face when dealing with their cases; particularly legal questions and other practical issues that need to be duly resolved in order to contribute to successful criminal prosecutions. Mostly, these relate to legal systems that are struggling to keep pace with rapid technological developments. The latter often puts State Prosecutors in a challenging position of not only having to effectively protect the public interest and safeguarding legally protected values but also suspects’ rights. The differences between the systems of the different states also pose a particular challenge, given that cybercrime cases often have international elements. As the level of digital operations is increasing, it is therefore important that digitisation does not place additional burden on State Prosecutors, but allows for transparent operations and prevents, to the highest possible extent, the misuse of particularly sensitive personal data stored in the information system of the prosecution service.