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Psychological Factors and Mental Disorders In Chronic Low Back Pain
Theoretical background: Failure of an individual’s approach to chronic pain can result in consequent mental disorder. The state of chronic low back pain and mental disorder are linked in both directions and together, which we describe as psychosomatics. For this reason, an important role is played by a physiotherapists who are trained to identify various mental states and to manage pain through a biopsychosocial health model. Methodology: Research work is based on a descriptive and analytical-synthetic method of work. We used inductive-deductive, analytical-synthetic, descriptive method andcompilation method. A systematic review of scientific literature was performed from 2010 to 2021 - 22 articles. Data collection was shown using a PRISMA diagram. Based on a detailed analysis of the literature, we designed a new synthesis. Results: We found out that most physiotherapists have the greatest difficulty in identifying mental disorders. It would be appropriate to include the SBT in the initial clinical evaluation. For rehabilitation, the most successful is aerobic exercise with a combination of US, TENS, laser and massage. CBT serves as a prevention for the development of chronic LBP in an individual with an associated mental disorder. The authors emphasize the importance of an interdisciplinary approach.